Mars Colony has two levels of government. At the local level, the Colony is administered by a Governor elected by the people. The Governor is responsible for matters pertaining to the Colony. The second level of government is the Imperial level; Mars is represented in the Imperial Senate by two Senators, who vote on behalf of Mars on matters pertaiing to the Empire as a whole.

Since the founding of Mars Colony, the position of Govrnor has been held by Tristan Glark. An Imperial citizen since almost the creation of the Empire, Glark has served his position with distinction and has helped make Mars Colony into one of the most populous and most influential colonies. At the Imperial level, Mars has been represented by many different people, among them Tristan Glark, The Mighty InVaDeR, Amy Malzahn, and Aldric Tinker Toyad von Balje.